The symptoms and effects of STDs vary by sex.
Some STDs can affect the reproductive organs, leading topain or fertility issues of varying severity. Without timely treatment, they can spread to other organs of the body and cause complications.
There is also some chancethat STDscan be passed on to babies, so it is important to deal with such issues as soon as symptoms appear.
HPV is a common virus that can be found on skin and spread through skin contact. There are over 200 types of HPV. Over 30 types cause infections in the genital area and spread through sexual contact.
These genital types can be classified into 2 groups: high and low risk. The high-risk group refers to types that can cause cervical cancer and about 70% of cervical cancer is commonly caused by genotypes 16 and 18. The low-risk group refers to types that cause genital warts and about 90% of genital warts are caused by genotypes 6 and 11.
This bacterial infection affects about 30-70% of sexually active men and women. It is not generally classified as a sexually transmitted infection because it is so common in the population and most people with the bacterium do not show any symptoms or signs of infection. It is instead referred to as a sexually transmittable infection (STI), in contrast to classic STDs such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea, which involve bacteria that are not normally present in the body.
However, the bacteria can cause similar complications to chlamydia and gonorrhoea, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility.
Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition of the liver. It is commonly caused by a viral infection, but there are other possible causes of hepatitis. These include autoimmune hepatitis and hepatitis that occurs as a secondary result of medications, drugs, toxins and alcohol. Autoimmune hepatitis is a disease that occurs when your body makes antibodies that against your liver tissue.